How to store food in the refrigerator
At first glance, the food storage in the refrigerator is simple and quite routine. In our understanding, refrigerators should be fully save us the hassle associated with safety provisions. But sometimes it’s annoying when newly purchased and fresh produce begin to deteriorate prematurely.
In order to stop the “migration” of Goodies from the shelves of the fridge into the bin, you should remember a few basic rules. What type of products where in the refrigerator should be placed? What ingredients should not stand here? What is a “null chamber”? The answers to these and other questions you will be able to find in our current material.
- Proper placement of products at different levels
- The refrigerator door
- Ready meals in special containers
- Separate storage of different types
- Null chamber
- The results
Proper placement of products at different levels
Few people think about what the temperature on different shelves in the fridge are different: the closer the level is to the freezer, the lower the temperature it will be. Therefore, if You have a refrigerator of the so-called “new model” (when the freezer is under the walk-in refrigerator), top shelf will have temperature a few degrees higher. And Vice versa.
If the right to dispose of this feature of the refrigerator, the products it can persist longer.
On the top shelf (where the temperature is higher) it is best to store dairy products: milk, cheese, yogurt, yogurt, sour cream. Here is the finished baked goods (cakes, muffins, rolls), eggs and greens. So the greens are longer retain its freshness, you need to trim the stems on 1-1,5 cm, put in a glass of water, and the top loosely to cover the package. It turns out a kind of green “bouquet” that will last 2-3 weeks.
On the floor below, that is on the middle shelves, it is better to place the finished dish. How to properly store cooked food, we will explain below. Also on the middle level can be put sausages and cured meats.
At the lowest level, where the temperature is low, the stored raw meat, fish and meat. Usually meats and seafood left in the fridge when going to cook them in the near future. Otherwise, such products must be stored in the freezer.
For fruits and vegetables is usually designed special boxes at the bottom of the Cabinet – there is for optimum conditions.
The refrigerator door
The refrigerator door is the warmest place in the entire refrigeration Cabinet, in which also the temperature is constantly fluctuating. So the products on it should be placed those that are sensitive to temperature changes.
Such products include water, beverages (other than milk), butter and hard cheeses. Butter and cheese we use quite often and it is much easier if they are not completely frozen.
On the door it is also good to store the sauces (mustard, soy sauce, ketchup and the like), sunflower oil and vinegar. Despite the fact that the last special storage conditions do not need many Housewives hide the vinegar on the door of the fridge away from children’s curiosity.
In fact, many manufacturers of refrigerators are placed trays for storing eggs on the door is convenient and takes up very little space.
Ready meals in special containers
One of the main rules of placing food in the refrigerator – do not put next to the finished and raw products. All cooked meals are mandatory are stored in sealed containers. This will not only keep your food fresh longer, but will save the fridge from strangers (and often not the most pleasant) odors.
Storage of prepared foods in the bowl in which they were cooked (especially in metal – stainless steel, cast iron or aluminum), does not contribute to their long-term preservation – it products more quickly oxidize and deteriorate.
In addition, the storage of products in containers allows you to organize their placement on the shelves and better utilize the internal space of the refrigerator. It is important to remember that you can not put in the fridge hot dish – a sharp drop in temperature will not benefit neither the food nor to the refrigerator.
The most popular food containers in plastic, glass or enamel. Plastic “boxes” like for many the affordable price and variety of shapes and sizes, but enameled and glass considered more environmentally friendly and have longer service life.
Separate storage of different types
Not all products can coexist on the same shelf of the refrigerator: some of them can not only change the taste quality “neighbors”, but also to accelerate their spoilage. To avoid this, there are a few simple rules.
Vegetables and fruits are best stored separately from each other. Some vegetables (e.g. root vegetables) are incompatible with citrus, and tomatoes and bananas and is better kept separately – they secrete special substances that can damage other fruits. For better preservation of fruits and vegetables, they are put in separate boxes not mytymi without plastic bags.
By the way, potatoes, onions, bananas and apples in the refrigerator are not stored – they do not like humidity and to preserve sufficient temperature slightly below room.
Fish and meats, that even in the reliable packing may exude a distinct smell, it is not necessary to place it in the baking, dairy products and eggs, which are porous and will absorb flavors like a sponge. That is if You do not find the cake with the fish smell delicious.
Prepared meals and foods that do not require heat treatment, it is impossible to put together with raw meat and fish. In the last contain bacteria that can cause stomach upset, but which are killed during cooking.
Can not be combined on the same level any vegetables and fruits with dairy products and sausages. One should not put foods that can be eaten without cooking, near raw eggs: Salmonella is, to put it mildly, not very nice.
Some modern refrigerators have a separate section – the zone of freshness or zero the camera. What is it and why is it needed?
The crisper drawer is a special camera shelf, which are located at the bottom of the refrigerator. The temperature in them is near zero, but we should not understand this literally – when 0⁰С water kristallizuetsya and time, surface icing products, which does not allow to use them directly from the fridge, so the “zero” zones in temperature ranges from 1 to 3⁰С.
In advanced models of refrigerators such two zones: high and medium humidity. High humidity (90%) and reduced temperature well keep vegetables and fruits with high water content, but under medium humidity (about 50%) stored longer than raw meat, fish and cheeses.
It is noteworthy that the first refrigerator with the know-how appeared in 1996 in the model the rows of the manufacturer Liebherr, and today the crisper drawers can be found in the refrigerators of most known brands, including Bosch, Samsung, LG, Hitachi, Electrolux and Beko. However, she remains one drawback: refrigerators with zero camera still have a fairly high cost. But in spite of this, a chip area of freshness appreciated by Housewives worldwide.
No homemade pickles or canned goods purchased at low temperatures is not needed. Unopened cans are perfectly preserved up to several years at a temperature of 10-17⁰С. Well, if it has a cellar or special storage, but if such a “natural refrigerator” for preservation, not, it can just store in a cool and dark place.
Make sure that rolled banks to store in the fridge irrational: they occupy a lot of space, maintaining low temperature refrigerator requires more energy, and ultimately to the shelf life of homemade Goodies is not affected.
But this does not apply to open banks, the shelf life of which “falls” to one or more weeks. Kept open exclusively to conservation in the refrigerator. Homemade jam and pickles can be stored in glass containers, replacing only the metal cover of the plastic or just close the jar with gauze or cloth.
Canned food sold in cans after opening definitely shifted in a glass, enamel or plastic sealed container. Due to the fact that in conservation using natural preservatives (sugar, salt, vinegar, etc.), place it on the upper (warm) refrigerator shelves.
Clean – the guarantee of health, so always keep the refrigerator clean! It is recommended once a week to conduct a thorough audit of all content, and once a month to wash all the shelves and inner walls of the refrigerator. This will not only get rid of harmful microorganisms and bacteria and to preserve the freshness of the products, but also to prevent odor.
Do not forget about periodic defrosting Your refrigerator. If it has the technology of No Frost, You’re in luck – defrosting of the refrigerating Cabinet will have only 1-2 times a year. In case the defrosting system of the drip, then it should be done once or twice a month.
Hopefully, these tips will protect the products in Your fridge from the effects of improper storage, and allow You pretty to save them!